Redating the exodus bimson
In each case, a selection of issues are examined relating to the reliability and authority of the Old Testament.In recent years there has been an increase in scholarly literature coming to rather negative conclusions about the Old Testament (OT) and whether we can use the Bible as a source for history before the Babylonian exile in 586 BC. At the same time, there have been some quite significant archaeological discoveries supporting the biblical narrative in the centuries immediately preceding the exile. (2) The Amarna texts record diplomatic correspondence written on ostraca about the Habiru overrunning the land of Canaan in the reign of Amenhotep III. The Jews, like the Greeks, reckoned a generation as forty years. Therefore, the Exodus occurred in the reign of Amenhotep II. So, there is a 480 year period back and forward (symbolic use of numbers, cf. Biblical figures whose seals or bullae have been found include Kings Ahaz, Hezekiah, and Manasseh – the three successive kings of Judah who reigned ca. Other official figures include Azariah son of Hilkiah (1 Chronicles -14, Ezra 7:1), Gemariah son of Shaphan (Jeremiah ), Jerahmeel the king's son (Jeremiah ), and most notably Berechiah (Baruch) the son of Neriah, the scribe who wrote on behalf of Jeremiah. The historical support for the biblical narrative prior to this stage is not always so clear, and is often dependent upon the model of history taken and the dates to which individuals and events are assigned.There is debate about the chronological setting of every figure from King Solomon (ca. These debates can be seen as hinging on one's model for the Exodus, an event widely denied by modern scholars.
Judges – 300 years between Jephthah's day and the conquest (supports 1445 date) d. This name is mentioned as one of the store cities built by the Hebrew slaves, Exod. Also this same district in Egypt near Goshen is called Rameses, Gen. Avaris/Zoan/Tanis was known as "House of Rameses" from 1300-1100 4.The seals and bullae are often not found in official archaeological excavations but turn up among (sometimes shady) dealers in antiquities who have obtained them from illegal plundering of sites by locals in Israel.Despite these origins, careful analysis of handwriting, chemical composition, and design, confirms the authenticity of a large number.Of particular interest are personal seals with the names of biblical figures on them, and the even more numerous impressions (bullae) made by seals.These confirm the existence, activity, and approximate date of these figures.